Here it is for your perusal and discussion, The full text of the Secundian Constitution

As promised in the book, I have posted the full text of the Secundian Constitution here for discussion and dissection. It is broken into 8 sections so you don’t need to read the entire thing in one sitting.

If you think something is wrong, make your case. If you see something that confuses you ask, and if you think it needs rewording  speak up.

In the book it was written by the smartest man in the world, J.P. Cain. but I’m not J.P. and I’m under no illusion that I’m that smart. I miss things, and if you see something i missed please let me know. I love discussing this stuff, and would enjoy a healthy debate on the subject from anyone interested.

I’m more than willing to make changes if you can show valid mistakes or prove how something is not going to work as intended, but please be ready to back up your assertions with facts and or figures. This is a debate of ideas and facts, not feelings.

The primary goal here is to make a functional government system that has FIRM and ABSOLUTE limits on its power, yet it can still serve its basic duties and not grow into the out of control monolith we suffer today in the US.

For those of you that contribute to the body of this document, if you wish, your name will be added to a special acknowledgement section when the Constitution is published in the final book in the series.

Let the facts fly and see where it all ends.

SecundianFlagBig

One last comment…

FORMAT NOTES:
Friends and future citizens,
This is a blueprint, not a grammatical text. As such, we use CAPS, to illustrate the importance of certain core concepts.

 
Some will yell… “You can’t do that. It’s not grammatically correct.” To them, we ask: Do you think WE THE PEOPLE, writ-large in the original was a mistake?

 
Do you think Jefferson said, “Oops, I need to shrink this font, or it’s not going to fit…”? We don’t. The Founders were sending a message.

 
WE THE PEOPLE we’re meant to be the ALPHA and OMEGA of the Entire System. Not our Elected Officials, not Professors and Scientists, not Priests, and most definitely Not Lawyers.
Us. YOU and ME. The PEOPLE

 
This document was not wholly a product of direct genius, but was written from the shoulders of genius. The genius of the Original Founders of the USA.

 
We’re following that tradition, and for clarity, here’s a basic key to the system:
Out Of Place Caps = Something Very Important. or YELLOW ALERT
ALL CAPS = Something Vital. or RED ALERT
Keep this in mind as you read. These aren’t mistakes. They exist for a reason.

 

The Preamble and Article:

 

This was published in the book, but is repeated here for completion.

We the People of Secundus, in order to form a less imperfect union than we have suffered before, to establish Justice, insure Domestic Tranquillity, Provide for the Common Defense, Promote the General Prosperity, Secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our prosperity, while acknowledging the largely ignored FACT that even the Most Benevolent form of government is, at best, a Necessary Evil, ordain and establish this Constitution as a FIRM and ABSOLUTE LIMIT on the FINITE POWERS of the Republic of Secundus (RoS).

Article. 1. The Duty to Vote

The DUTY to vote, hereafter referred to, as “The Sovereign Franchise” shall be granted to ANY person who has COMPLETED a term of 4 years honorable service in the Republic Ranger Corp (RRC).

The Freedom to VOLUNTARILY Enter service Shall NEVER be Denied or Limited for ANY adult, in ANY case, or for ANY reason other than a case of mental defect so severe as to produce an inability to understand the oath of service. It is the Republic’s DUTY to find STRENUOUS, and USEFUL ways for each person to serve.

This does NOT, however, mean the service shall be made LESS dangerous or burdensome in any way, nor does it guarantee YOU will be capable of completing that service. YOU may only be FORCIBLY discharged for intentional violation of RRC regulations, Treason, or convictions of a Felony. Physical disability may require reassignment but does not MANDATE discharge.

However, YOU may Voluntarily Leave the RRC at any time, except while Mobilized. Leaving under Mobilization conditions is Desertion. If the RRC is Mobilized you are committed for the Duration. You may “Apply” to leave at such times, but permission to do so is at the RRC’s discretion. Actually Leaving the RRC before completion of 4 years, for ANY reason, results in PERMANENT and IRREVERSIBLE forfeiture of your Franchise. “Applying to leave,” if refused, does not cost your Franchise, only ACTUALLY LEAVING.

There are several ways to lose your Franchise once earned; all are delineated here. Once lost, it’s nearly Impossible to regain! You may not vote During your service, only AFTER. Fulfilling this Duty is the ONLY, way to gain Citizenship within the Republic EVER. All others living in the RoS are classified as Individuals. The ONLY differences between Citizens and Individuals are the Duty of Sovereign Franchise, eligibility for election to public office, and qualification to teach some subjects in schools. They’re UTTERLY EQUAL in ALL other ways under Republic Law. When referring to everyone as a single group, we use the term “Residents.”

Voluntary Service in the RRC directly demonstrates a level of civic responsibility to something in the material world larger than the family unit, and as such is the ONLY valid qualification for the greatest DUTY in any Representative Republic, The Sovereign Franchise. This may not GUARANTEE a responsible voter, but it demonstrates the desired mindset. It’s a Solemn DUTY to the FREEDOM of ALL, and MUST be exercised that way, Never for self-enrichment, or manipulation. We PRAY that when some FOOL proposes a vote for every “warm body,” our descendants will “Show them the door.” Otherwise, they will get Exactly what they Deserve!

A CITIZEN must understand that the Necessary Evil of government should Never be allowed to grow beyond the limits here, nor granted control over ANY Personal aspects of your life not expressly granted within this document. This Constitution is the Start, and END, of the Republic’s power, now, and Unless Properly Amended, FOREVER!

 

Article 2: The Legislative Branch

 

The lay-out and limitations on the houses of Congress

Article. 2. Section. 1.The Legislative Branch

ALL legislative powers of the Republic are vested in a Congress of Secundus (CoS), made up of a House of the Citizenry (HoC) and a Senate of States (SoS). They may NEVER consign the authority to make Republic LAW or REGULATION to ANY lesser body. Only those ELECTED by the Citizens will EVER be allowed ANY Control over them. Unelected Administrators may ONLY enforce EXISTING laws; they may NEVER, under ANY Circumstances, Create, Modify, or Define them. Service in Legislature MUST NEVER be allowed to become an EXCLUSIVE CAREER. Politician and Criminal are substantively different trades. However, CAREER Politician is exactly Identical to CAREER Criminal. NEVER FORGET THAT!

Article. 2. Section. 2. The House of Citizenry

The House of the Citizenry (HoC) shall be composed of Members chosen every 4 years by the Citizens of the individual states. Anyone seeking office within the body must be a Citizen, a current primary inhabitant of the state and district they wish to represent, and without Felony record. However, No One may EVER be Re-elected to the same office. Furthermore, Citizens may NEVER be elected to more than 2 DIFFERENT offices in their LIFETIME.

Membership in this House is based on state population, having 1 representative per 50,000 RESIDENTS or portion there-of per state. Each state will have at least 1 member, and each member has 1 vote. Their duty is uphold the interests of the Residents on the RoC level, and their districts shall ALWAYS be divided into the MOST BASIC SOLID GEOMETRIC SHAPES possible, and NEVER Gerrymandered IN ANY WAY. A Republic census will be conducted in the year prior to Presidential elections to determine representation. It shall be used for Counting Heads, both Citizen and Non-Citizen, and determining age groups, NEVER for ANY OTHER form of Data Collection.

The HoC shall choose their own Speaker and Officers from their ranks, but members receive NO additional compensation for these Duties. ALL Bills authorizing the spending or collecting of public funds MUST originate within the HoC.

Article. 2. Section. 3. The Senate of States

The Senate of States (SoS) shall be composed of 2 Senators from each state, chosen by the state Legislatures for a term of 8 years. Anyone seeking office must be a Citizen of the Republic, a current primary inhabitant of the state to be represented, and without Felony record. Their duty is to uphold the interests of their STATE on the RoC level. Their nomination is NEVER a matter for the Citizenry at large. This is the STATE’S voice. No One may EVER be Re-elected to the same office. Furthermore, Citizens may NEVER be elected to more than 2 DIFFERENT offices in their his or her LIFETIME.

Once assembled after the 1st election, 1 Senator from each state shall be named “Senior”, and 1 “Junior.” The Senior Senators shall vacate their office at the end of the first 4 years, and the “Juniors” will become the new “Seniors” while new Citizens will be elected by the States to fill the “Junior” offices. In this way, half the SoS will be chosen every 4th year.

If vacancies occur, by resignation or otherwise, the Executive of the state involved may make temporary appointments to either house, until the next meeting of that state’s legislature, or a special election can be arranged to fill the vacancy under the state’s normal rules. Temporary appointees or elected replacements do not sacrifice one of their terms in the office if it is less than 2 years in duration.

The Vice-President of the Republic shall be Leader of the SoS, and preside over all daily affairs, but shall have NO VOTE, except in the case of a tie.

The SoS shall choose their other officers from among their ranks, but members receive no additional compensation for these Duties. They may also, when needed, set rules for the succession of power, in the absence of the Vice President.

Article. 2. Section. 4.General Elections

The General Elections of the RoS will be conducted every 4th year, on the 1st day of November excepting for Sat. and Sun. in which case it will occur the following Monday. ANY Elections involving more than 2 candidates where no candidate receives 50%+1 of the total vote must then be decided by a run-off election involving only the top 2 candidates from the original election. These run-offs shall be held within 1 week of the initial election. Citizens elected shall take up their duties on the 2nd day of January excepting for Saturday and Sunday in which case it will occur the following Monday, this being the annual opening of the CoS session.

New Representatives, and Senators from new states, shall be added, as population growth and expansion demands, on the same 4-year cycle. Senior Senators from new states still only serve a 4-year term.

All Citizens must have their names checked off the roles as they vote, and be indelibly marked, by Ink on finger or similar method, to insure only 1 vote per franchise. (Photo ID’s WILL be required IF they are ever adopted.) All voting roles in EVERY community WILL be Purged of all Deceased or Disenfranchised Citizens as they occur, and the roles will be checked once per year in the month of July. This inspection shall be a matter of OPEN PUBLIC RECORD viewable by ALL RESIDENTS. If Even 1 case of voter fraud is found in ANY election, the ENTIRE result will be voided and the election Immediately held again under RRC security, NO EXCEPTIONS.

Article. 2. Section. 5.Congressional Rules

Each House of the CoS shall be the judge of internal elections, and disputes of, the other. Each House may set the rules of its own proceedings within the boundaries of the Constitution, and must publish ALL such rules for public viewing. They may punish members for disobeying these rules, but may only expel a member via impeachment.

The CoS will meet for only 30 to 120 days annually, dependent upon need. An extension may be approved by a 3/4 majority of both houses. Such a vote will extend the session for 2 weeks. Multiple extensions may be allowed on a session, but Only in extreme circumstances, and Only with the approval of the PoR for Each extension after the first.

Campaigning for Republic office shall begin no sooner than the 1st Monday after the end of the current CoS session, or the 1st of May, whichever is LATER, in the election year.

A 4/5 majority of each house shall constitute a quorum to do business, and NO business may EVER be conducted without such a quorum present, excepting for daily adjournment. Both houses may compel the attendance of absent members, in such manner, and under such penalties as each House may choose, regardless of the member’s location. Failure to attend without valid cause MAY Justify Impeachment. Neither House shall adjourn to thwart the other.

Each House must keep a detailed record of its proceedings, and on the occasion of each vote, publish the yeas, presents, and nays of EACH member of either assembly on EVERY question voted upon. This Journal is a matter of public record, open to ANY RESIDENT at ANY time. Forging or otherwise altering this record MANDATES impeachment, as well as laying of Felony Fraud charges.

No measure may be amended once it passes out of its house of origin. There will ONLY be 1 vote per measure, up or down, after passing to the second house. No Procedural votes or Misdirection are ever allowed. Legislation will be brought to the floor in the order they are introduced. The ONLY exceptions are Jury Nullification and Citizen Referendums, which must be voted on as the next order of business after their introduction.

When possible, the CoS must meet Remotely as to remain closer to the Residents they serve. IF direct meeting is Necessary, it will take place in the Capitol District, BUT Citizens should strive to ALWAYS keep elected officials away from the isolation of the “Ivory Tower” of politics. No motion to Adjourn requires approval outside the CoS.

Article. 2. Section. 6.Republic & Public Employment

All members of the CoS receive pay EQUAL to a RRC Lieutenant, but ONLY when the CoS is ACTIVELY in session. Politics MUST NEVER become a CAREER! No one holding ANY position under the RoS may be elected or hired to ANY other position, nor receive pay for more than one job under the Republic at a time.

You MUST resign from ANY current RoS position before accepting or applying for another. It’s ABSOLUTELY FORBIDDEN to hold ANY office while running for another. Doing so serves the candidate’s needs before the citizens. The needs of the CITIZENRY ALWAYS COME FIRST!

Office Holders may not be arrested during attendance to their duties, or traveling to and from the same with the exception of Treason charges. This is the ONLY privilege Politicians get, EVER!

Unelected Employees may never work for the RoS for more than 8 years TOTAL in their lifetime. Citizenship is not required, and if they are Citizens, it does not count as a term in elected office. Pay for such jobs is FIXED at the CURRENT AVERAGE for similar jobs in the private sector, and RoS Employees may NEVER be members of ANY FORM OF UNION.

Collective bargaining “in good faith” is IMPOSSIBLE when the Employer has vast resources not their own, and vested interest in giving the union concessions in return for votes and favors.

Outside of direct employment, the RoS mandates no restrictions, exceptions, or obligations on Unions beyond the requirement that No Union May EVER prevent a company from closing, or relocating their shop. Also, no Resident May EVER:

  1. be kept from working due to Non-Participation in a Union.

  2. be forced to, Join, Stay in, Be Represented by, or Be Fired for Leaving a Union.

  3. be forced to pay ANY money to a Union they’re not a WILLING member of.

Article. 2. Section. 7.Rules for Legislation

Each Individual piece of legislation MUST BE:

  1. judged singly, on its own merits, and NEVER grouped with ANY Other Measure.

  2. no longer than 5, 8.5×11 double-spaced/sided pages, in 12 pt font, and drafted in English understandable to the general public. Words aren’t toys for lawyers. The primary meaning is the always the default. We laid out an entire Republic in very few pages. If you need more than 5 for one law, YOU’RE UP TO SOMETHING!

  3. posted for open public viewing for a minimum of two weeks prior to the FIRST VOTE, so that the citizens may review it before consideration in ether house. Once posted it may NOT be changed in ANY WAY!

  4. read in its entirety on the open floor of EACH house before ANY vote is taken.

  5. justified as to where in THIS Constitution the authority for the law comes.

  6. passed by a 2/3 majority of both the HoC and SoS, then presented to the PoR for endorsement.

Remember: The FIRST way elitists try to gain control is by saying, “It’s too complex for YOU to understand.” NEVER, LET THIS HAPPEN! Prohibit or NULLIFY vague laws that are too open to interpretation. The Citizenry must DEMAND CLEAR and ABSOLUTE Legislation at ALL TIMES.

Once the President signs legislation, it becomes law. If vetoed, it will be returned, with the President’s 1-page objection, to the House in which it originated. The objections are recorded in the House’s journal. The President may ONLY veto or pass legislation, not CHANGE, QUANTIFY, LIMIT, or EXPAND it in ANY WAY.

If vetoed, the originating house of the CoS may reconsider, and re-write it, at which point it must again pass both houses as a New piece of legislation. To directly override a veto requires 4/5 of both Houses to agree; if so, it will become Law over the President’s objection.

If any Legislation is Not signed or vetoed within 10 Days (Saturday/Sunday excepted) of presentation, it will become a Law as if signed. However, if the CoS adjourns during that time so it cannot be returned, the measure is considered to be vetoed.

Every session of the CoS must be open for ANYONE to observe. School children are seated first, to learn how the system works, Citizens next, and then all others, up to the limitations of available space. It must ALWAYS be recorded, preserved, and when possible, broadcast live.

ALL committees and policy discussions MUST also be Recorded, and Broadcast where possible. They MUST be made available for review of the Residents at large. The Republic NEVER has ANY AUTHORITY to keep ANY RoS ACTIVITIES secret from the RESIDENTS. Doing so is an impeachable offense.

Article. 2. Section. 8.Duties of the CoS.

The CoS may NEVER pass ANY Legislation that isn’t APPLIED AND ENFORCED equally to ALL ELECTED or EMPLOYED Officials as well as the Residents at large. No Politicians are EVER Immune, Protected, or Excluded from ANY legislation for ANY reason. Being elected to office NEVER incurs any special privileges other than (Art 2, Sec 6, Para 3.) EVER!

The CoS shall have power to lay/collect taxes, pay the Debts, provide for the common Defense, and in LIMITED ways, promote the general prosperity, with the express and UNALTERABLE position that ALL taxes shall be UNIFORM throughout the RoS. NEVER will one person or profession pay a HIGHER OR LOWER PERCENTAGE than another.

Taxes MUST be Clear, Delineated, and Simple in ALL ways and ALL levels! The Republic, the States, and lesser governments MUST inform the citizens of EVERY PENNY TAKEN from them.

The CoS should keep REGULAR, HONEST, and FREE FLOWING, all commerce between states, but Never to LIMIT IT, and having NO CONTROL WHAT-SO-EVER over commerce WITHIN a state. Furthermore, Commerce is STRICTLY DEFINED as Participating in Trade, not Declining to do so.

The CoS may create inferior RoC courts, and establish treaties with the old world, if needed.

The CoS must promote the advance of art and science, by securing, for limited times, authors and inventors Exclusive rights to their creations and discoveries, and by offering prizes for the first to achieve new breakthroughs, NEVER through ANY form of Subsidies, Grants, or Tax Incentives.

The CoS must Establish uniform Laws on the subject of Bankruptcies throughout the Republic. Coin Money and regulate the Value there of, based on A GOLD STANDARD. Determine the value of old world currency, if any, and Fix the Standards of Weights and Measures, based on the metric system. All paper money within the Republic MUST be based on precious metals, most commonly gold, but not excluding silver, copper, or platinum. Un-backed currency is the greatest enemy of moral capitalism that exists. The RoS shall Institute all laws and penalties for monetary counterfeiting. All coinage MUST be, at minimum, 92% pure (22kt) metals, but Framing is permitted.

2 (or more) agencies under the RoS may NEVER DUPLICATE Services or Authority, and Any Accusation of Wrong-Doing must be investigated by agents OUTSIDE RoS control. The findings of such investigation must be publicly announced BEFORE anyone, in any level of government, sees them.

The CoS and President TOGETHER may Mobilize the RRC to defend or execute the Laws of the RoS. At All other times the RRC’s duty is to explore/survey new territory, provide police and fire services, disaster assistance, and search-and-rescue services for the RoS at large.

NO New Powers should EVER be granted to the Republic Without EXTENDED consideration of EACH and EVERY one. The idea is to keep the Republics Powers LIMITED!!!

Article. 2. Section. 9. The Capitol District

The RoS has exclusive control in all matters, over the Republics Capital District (RCD) (2 km x 2 km MAX) created with permission of the involved State(s), and the vote of CoS. The RoS exercises like authority over all property owned by the RoS, and may make all necessary local laws for administering the above delineated properties. Due to the nature of the RCD, it is not, nor EVER will be, entitled to representation in either house of the CoS. Any Resident choosing to Live there does so with this UNALTERABLE Understanding.

Article. 2. Section. 10.Basic Laws of Land and Taxes

No property tax will EVER be laid, at ANY LEVEL of government! The Private Ownership of Property is the Cornerstone of Personal Liberty, and the taxation of it is the first step toward confiscation of it. “Imminent Domain” is a LEGAL FICTION best left to the theorists.

IF (A VERY BIG IF!) a tax on earned income is ever approved, it shall be equal in percentage, from the lowest to highest incomes; Apply to EVERY RESIDENT, with NO EXEMPTIONS MADE FOR ANY REASON; and the MAXIMUM rate of taxation shall NEVER under ANY CIRCUMSTANCES exceed 10% TOTAL (Republic/State/Local). If it’s good enough for God (Tithes) it’s good enough for government. No form of income shall EVER be taxed at a higher or lower rate than any other, and no income may Ever be taxed Twice. If a consumption tax is preferred, it may NEVER be higher than the SAME 10% TOTAL.

Furthermore, if 1 of these tax schemes is adopted, It MUST be to the TOTAL EXCLUSION of the other. The government may, if it can make the argument, impose 1 of these burdens on Residents, but NEVER, under ANY circumstances, may BOTH be imposed. Taxation ISN’T a stimulus to ANY economy, it’s a Retarding factor, and must NEVER become excessive.

ALL forms of Taxation will be paid on an established schedule, or at the time of purchase, and be clearly delineated, NEVER through ANY system of Withholding where funds are removed before the resident receives them. It is the RESIDENT’S money, NOT The Republic’s! Residents MUST be informed of every cent the government takes.

No tax shall EVER be laid on ANY Business or Company. Such entities are legal fictions, in truth; RESIDENTS pay ALL taxes. Businesses ALWAYS pass the cost on to their customers through increased prices. The Resident still pays, regardless of how the law is worded.

Any and All funds Taken from a business’s accounts by the owner(s) for personal use ARE INCOME of the owner(s). A ROUGH guideline: If it’s at your office, it belongs to the company; if it’s at your house, it belongs to you. PRECISE accounts MUST be kept AT ALL TIMES!

ALL land of Secundus not ceded to a resident, or a state, belongs to the RoS and is available for sale to raise funds. Land, once sold, may NEVER be seized for ANY reason. It may be bought for fair market value, IF the owner is WILLING to sell. Individual land ownership is Permanent and Sacrosanct with the following three exceptions.

  1. The RCD is IRREVOCABLY property of the Republic and can never be sold.

  2. Any large precious metal deposits must be owned by the RoS to maintain monetary stability. If a property owner finds such a deposit the RRC survey teams missed, it must be sold to the Republic at a value based on the Average of 3 Independent surveys. (1 chosen by the owner, 1 by the state/territory, and 1 by the RoS) Once “played out” it becomes available for sale like any other land.

  3. All waterways and bodies of water remain the property of the Republic to be managed for the benefit of all, but basic usage will NEVER be denied to bordering land holders. Altering the existing path of waterways through private property requires RoS approval.

The last exception NEVER applies to flood plains, or small bodies of water completely within a property. The first of these is temporary, the second is private property, and outside RoS control.

When a Resident wishes to purchase ANY other land the RoS does not wish to sell, the Republic must Show Just-Cause in open court that the land is of greater benefit to the RoS as a whole, than to the Resident. The burden of proof rests ENTIRELY on the Government. The cost of any improvements to the property made by the ROS will be added into the price.

No tax shall EVER, under ANY Circumstances, be laid on the estates of the dead. Property accumulated during a lifetime of work belongs irrevocably to the decease’s heirs, until willingly sold or spent. IF, and ONLY IF, a resident dies without Will or Heir(s) does the Republic inherit that estate, and only what’s left after ALL outstanding debts are PAID IN FULL. Any resident may have their Will probated prior to death. If it does not stand up in court, the court MUST help them reword it to accomplish Their desired aims. Once upheld in court, it is beyond ANY Postmortem Challenge. If changed, it must go through the probate process again. This may be done as many times as the Resident desires.

No tax shall ever be levied on gifts from one Resident to another; HOWEVER, bribery of public officials or employees is ALWAYS a Felony. If the bribe is accepted, ALL parties are subject to EQUAL prosecution. If declined, only the instigating party can be charged. Recording of such interactions is NEVER a crime, since there is NO “Right of Privacy” for serving officials, serving Rangers, or anyone currently interacting with them DURING the performance of their duty.

Off-duty they have the same privacy rights as any Resident. However, there is also no “Right to Privacy” when a crime is being Committed or Planned. Such “spur of the moment” recordings are admissible, only law enforcement surveillance REQUIRES a warrant, but Entrapment is another Legal Fiction; if you accept, you’re accountable.

No tax, tariff, or duty shall be laid on ANYTHING traded from one state to another, and NO funds shall EVER be drawn from the treasury, except by Appropriation through the HoC.

A regular account of ALL Republic money shall be published quarterly, and the records of such are ALWAYS kept according to STANDARD ACCEPTED ACCOUNTING PRACTICES. The books WILL be open to public review at ALL times. The RoS may NEVER operate under ANY SORT of DEFICIT. If the treasury lacks the funds to undertake a project, it must wait till such funds can be raised through taxes, land sale, or other means.

The Republic MUST develop and MAINTAIN an Emergency fund equal to the RoS budget for a full year, to deal with such issues as may arise. Once developed, it Must be maintained in FULL VIEW of the public, open to inspection at ANY time, and contain HARD MONEY, never ANY form of BOND, NOTE or ANY other form of IOU. This fund may be expanded beyond one year if the Citizenry or the Republic so wishes. The required level of funds is determined at the beginning of each new year, based on the previous year’s expenditures. The budget of the RoS is RESET to ZERO at the start of the year. EVERY Dollar MUST be justified ANNUALLY.

Once the Emergency fund(s) reaches the required level, all further interest earned on the account MAY be made available for the purpose of building monuments and memorials. NO OTHER RoS funds shall EVER be allocated for this purpose. Such projects are better funded by private groups or Residents, because if enough Residents believe someone deserves a monument or memorial, it will be build through private donations; otherwise how can it be justified? Only RoS level monuments may be built. Local or State monuments NEVER receive RoS funds.

The Emergency Fund may only be used in cases of EXTREME need, agreed upon by both The executive and legislative branches. Any funds used must be replaced as quickly as possible and take priority over ANY and ALL new expenditures. Any Extended use of the fund must be re-approved on a monthly basis by a 2/3 majority of the CoS, and the President. Furthermore, the citizenry may veto any use of the emergency fund by a 50% +1 majority. This does not apply to the RRC when Mobilized. That procedure is outlined in Art. 4. Sect. 2. Para. 5.

Article. 2. Section. 11.States and Money

The Republic, the States or individual banks are FORBIDDEN from coining anything but precious metals, of standard sizes and purities, or printing paper money FULLY (100%) backed by precious metals. Nor may they pass any after-the-fact law, “Bill of Attainder,” or Impair the Obligation of Legal contracts. The RoS neither grants nor recognizes Titles of Nobility. No single state shall EVER make treaties with the old world, or engage in War, unless invaded, or in such danger that delay would make matters worse.

Article. 2. Section. 12.Nullification of Laws

ANY Law, Tax, or Other Legislation passed by the CoS may be NULLIFIED at ANY TIME. Nullification requires a 50%+1 majority in both houses to be removed from the books. This process does not require Presidential approval, but the President may veto it. Overriding such a veto takes a 2/3 majority in both houses. Either house may call for Nullification.

If a Sitting Jury finds their case is based in “Bad Law” they may call for Nullification, but they must judge the current case based on existing law. Jury Nullification MUST be given an open vote by the CoS as its next order of business. Nullification NEVER applies to the Constitution.

Effected Citizens may demand Nullification by referendum. A 50%+1 majority Nullifies a law, REGARDLESS of the WILL of the government. If any attempted nullification fails, it may not be tried again for 1 year. There’s NO LIMIT on the number of attempts to nullify a law.

NO COURT may EVER REINSTATE ANY Nullified Legislation, EVER!

Citizens should Nullify ANY law that is unclear, ANY law that is not enforced Equally on ALL Residents, and ANY law that violates ANY part of this Constitution. Nullified laws, and the reasons for nullification, are ALWAYS recorded for posterity. Conviction of violating a subsequently Nullified law will NOT disqualify a citizen for public office. Once nullified, a law is GONE! Any convictions under it are expunged completely and IMMEDIATELY!

To be reenacted, it must undergo the Entire legislative process again.

Nullification is the one article of the Constitution that MAY NEVER BE AMENDED! Citizens MUST ALWAYS HAVE this power. The reason is simple: “Bad Law” and Unintended Consequences happen and must be dealt with quickly and efficiently. It is also a hard-check on out-of-control government. The Final voice MUST remain that of the CITIZENS. We strongly recommend the Citizens DEMAND this IRREVOCABLE clause be included in their state’s Constitution, and municipal charters.

 

Article 3: The Judicial Branch.

 

Lay-out and limitations on the supreme court and general laws of the land.

Article. 3. Section. 1. The Judicial Branch

The judicial power of the RoS shall be vested in a Supreme Court of the Republic (SCoR), constituted of 5 Judges, who serve a maximum term of 12 years, and in such inferior courts as the Congress may establish. All judges of the Supreme Court must be citizens and without Felony record. They shall receive a salary EQUAL to that of an RRC Major. No judge of ANY COURT at ANY LEVEL is EVER appointed for LIFE. No One may EVER be Re-appointed to any court, and it counts as one of the 2 allowed offices in their LIFETIME.

In ALL cases, ANY court may only rule based upon the laws, and principles, set forth in this document, or legislated by the CoS or one of the states, but NEVER reinterpret them. In no case may ANY court ever decide a case based on laws outside this Constitution. Lawyers arguing cases are likewise forbidden from introducing such arguments. All proceedings and documents must be presented in plain English. No level of court may change or strike down a law except where demonstrated that the law violates THIS Constitution.

Legal rulings within the RoS are NEVER based on “legal precedent” or “case law.” Such rulings allow small changes to be slipped unseen into the existing system. This is FORBIDDEN! Such subversion may be Treason, depending on their exact nature. The idea of stare decisis has no place in this system. If you wish to change the rules, there are methods provided, USE THEM! A 4/5 majority of The CoS, or 3/4 of the Citizenry at large can overturn ANY SCoR ruling.

Article. 3. Section. 2.Judicial Powers

The judicial power of the SCoR extends to all cases arising under this Constitution, the laws of the Republic, and Treaties made by it, as well as all cases involving Ambassadors, or any Republic officials; to all cases of maritime law, or cases to which the Republic shall be a party; to cases between 2 (or more) states, between a state and residents of another state, or between residents of different states, and between a state, or its residents, and foreign states, and residents; however, the SCoR NEVER has the authority to REDEFINE the meanings or intent of laws.

The SCoR has primary Jurisdiction in all cases noted above, and secondary Jurisdiction, with such exceptions and regulations as the CoS make in all other cases.

The trial of other crimes shall be by jury, and held in the state where the crime(s) were committed. When not committed within a state, the trial shall be held where the CoS by law directs. In ALL cases of “trial by Jury,” the jury may REQUIRE the court to ask ANY specific questions they deem necessary to determine the case, or request clarification of ANY unclear issues. The court MUST comply.

Impeachment is a unique issue covered inArt. 4. Sect. 4.

Article. 3. Section. 3. Some Definitions of Treason

Treason against the RoS is defined as: Levying war against the RoS, joining enemies of the RoS, or giving them aid and comfort; subverting, weakening, or changing the Constitution by means other than those outlined within it, in addition to any other Acts noted in this document.

Article. 3. Section. 4.Capital Crimes and Legal Principles

Conviction of any of the following are CAPITOL OFFENSES at all levels of the Republic.

PREMEDITATED MURDER

SLAVERY/ Taking, Transporting, Selling, or Keeping

KIDNAPPING

&TREASON

The standard method of execution within the Republic is the Cranial-Electro-Spike.

Further definitions and clarifications:

PREMEDITATED MURDER: Any killing of a human done by Anyone WITH Advanced Planning that is NOT of a Clearly Expressed Defensive Nature, or in time of war.

SLAVERY: Forcing a person to perform acts, or provide services to, with, or for others while gaining compensation for oneself; keeping a person in bondage-of-service to oneself; knowingly transporting slaves or selling another Living person for compensation or profit.

Lawful Detention after conviction, and requiring a prisoner to work for their upkeep, is NOT slavery. Actions Have Consequences.

KIDNAPPING: Any form of hostage-taking for the purpose of Coercion, whether for monetary, social, religious, political, or ANY OTHER reason, except that a parent can’t kidnap their own child. Such cases are not classified as kidnapping.

Furthermore, any kidnapper who Voluntarily releases their victim, Completely Unharmed, may avoid the death penalty on the First Offense.

TREASON: has been defined at-length, but consider this an additional reminder. When it becomes permissible to ACT against your Nation, the Nation is dying. Speaking is one thing; speech is words and ideas. There’s always room for those, but taking action is different. Action has Consequences. When you cross that line, it gets SERIOUS.

There is no statute of limitations on ANY capitol crime, EVER.

The following are considered Law At ALL LEVELS of court within the Republic:

Nature’s God and Nature’s Law may NEVER be contradicted by ANY Legislation at ANY level.

English is the official language of the RoS, and all documents will be issued in this language and no other. A State may adopt any language for speech, but ALL legislation is written in English.

In all cases of “suit for redress of grievance,” the loser pays ALL court costs. Furthermore, under no circumstances shall there EVER be ANY form of PUNITIVE MONETARY Damages assigned against the loser in such a lawsuit. Any court, from low to high, may reward ONLY redress of ACTUAL Damages. If the court feels further penalties are warranted, it may advise the filing of criminal charges against the accused.

In cases of theft, the convicted shall pay Three times the value of the Stolen Property and Four times the value of any Stolen Capitol Property, No interest shall EVER be added to the original sum, and reparations may be made by either direct payment on the spot, or incarceration and community service work where the victim receives 100% of the pay. Such work is compensated at the same rates as any other government employment.

Knowingly infecting a person with any form of fatal, chronic, or otherwise incurable disease is a FELONY, and may eventually constitute PREMEDITATED MURDER. Knowingly exposing, without infection, or infection with a serious but non-terminal disease, can be a Misdemeanor.

The definition of Rape is forced sexual intercourse against the expressed unwillingness of the other party. This unwillingness can be expressed verbally, or otherwise, as physical resistance can be extremely dangerous in some cases.

This includes ANY unwilling partner, no matter their marital status, age, occupation, or connection to the attacker. The mode of dress, profession, or past morality of the victim may NEVER be used as a defense. Mitigating Current Circumstance may exist, but there’s no excuse for rape, EVER! NO MEANS NO!

The penalty for rape is Permanent Physical Neutering, but this penalty may not be applied on the 1st Non-Violent, Non-Bound, Non-Drugged, offense. Misunderstandings can occur in such matters, and must be taken into account.

In recognition of our Reverence for Human Life, and the primary TENET of the RoS that Actions have Consequences, it is therefore Republic law that LIFE begins at Conception. Abortion is only legal in cases of rape, incest, or threat to the mother’s life; however, there are no restrictions on prevention of Conception.

Any Resident convicted of a non-violent felony(s) who has paid their debt to society, is returned their full rights Without Limit. Conviction of a violent Felony will cost a Citizen their Sovereign Franchise. A convicted Individual who has never served in the RRC may still join and earn their Franchise, but the required term is 8 years instead of 4. Conviction of a violent Felony May, in Extreme cases, warrant forfeiture of the right to bear arms.

It should be noted that embarrassment and physical pain have scientifically proven behavioral triggers associated with them, and If carefully and judiciously applied, make very effective forms of criminal penalty. In many cases, they are more effective than long-term incarceration. Also the privilege of the “writ of habeas corpus” will NEVER be suspended, and absolutely No Form of “After the fact” Law shall EVER be passed at ANY level of government.

 

Artical 5: sec 1- 5

 

Explanations of, Full faith and Credit, Extradition, Creation of a State, State requirements, and Education.

Article. 5. Section. 1. Full faith and credit between states

Full faith and credit shall be given in each state to the public acts, records, and judicial actions of the other states. The Congress may, by general laws, prescribe the manner in which such acts, records, and proceedings shall be proved, and the effect thereof. The Residents of each state shall be entitled to all Privileges and Considerations of Residents in any other state.

Article. 5. Section. 2. Extradition

Anyone charged with a Felony who flees from Justice and is found in another state shall, on demand of the original state, be returned unless sufficient evidence indicates the accused may not receive a fair trial in that state. In such a case, the trial is held under direct Republic supervision. If multiple states call for extradition, chronological order of crimes sets precedence, and all trials will be conducted before ANY permanent punishment is administered.

Article. 5. Section. 3.Creation of a State

New states are added to the RoS during election years. A new state may only be formed within the area of an existing state(s) with the consent of all the states involved. Any group of 100 or more Residents may apply for statehood, setting aside 200 km2 of unclaimed land per person. The land is placed in trust and becomes a territory. The group must live on and work the land it until they raise the funds to pay for it. Then it becomes a State. Such sales are made at 75% of market value due to volume. Until Statehood is achieved, the RoS will enforce only basic territorial law. Once it becomes a State, it must draft its own constitution and nominate representation in both houses of the CoS. States may purchase additional adjacent land at a later time if it’s available. Residents man not purchase land directly from the RoS, only from Territories or States.

A private individual or family may homestead land outside of any State/Territory, but they are still subject to RoS laws. The land must be occupied and/or worked for 5 years, by the owner, never by proxy. once the surrounding land is claimed as a territory, they are considered residents of that territory, but the homestead remains their property,

Article. 5. Section. 4. State requirements

The RoS shall guarantee to every state a Republic form of government and the various other protections noted as “applying to all levels of government or court.” The RoS shall also protect individual states against invasion or domestic attack when necessary.

Article. 5. Section. 5.Education

The following course material and order of Importance is REQUIRED in Primary schools, in ALL states, or territories of the Republic. Primary schools are defined as 1st– 8th grade.

  1. Penmanship, Reading, Math, and Classical Critical Thinking come first in each grade, over all other courses, until mastered sufficiently to advance to the next grade. Also, Individual Personal Responsibility MUST be reinforced when and wherever possible.

  2. The study of this document and ALL its underlying principles, along with the FACTUAL study of History based on ORIGINAL SOURCES and NEVER solely on the “Opinions” of historians. The Honest lessons of history, Good and Bad, taught with emphasis on situations, people, and motives, NOT merely places and dates, gives students a framework for other knowledge. These classes MUST be taught by a CITIZEN.

  3. All classes in the Hard Sciences, such as Biology, Chemistry, Geology, Physics, etc., followed by the “Softer” Sciences like Psychology, Anthropology, etc., & the Arts.

  4. Of LEAST value, are classes in physical fitness. Sports belongs in a different venue. Sports teams are a HUGE distraction from academic education and should not be supported by or connected to, schools.

  5. No Student shall EVER be passed to the next grade without first mastering the necessary skills to proceed. Nor shall any student be held back BY THE SCHOOL SYSTEM if his or her individual development is sufficient to move ahead of their age group.

Beyond this, ALL curriculum is set by the local communities, or the children’s parents. Home schooling will ALWAYS be allowed, however, the Constitution and History MUST still be taught by a Citizen. This is the ABSOLUTE LIMIT of RoS involvement in Education. It is FAR too vital to be centrally controlled, and It’s NEVER “One Size Fits All.” Treating it so is the WORST BETRAYAL we could ever do to our children. When ANY Government controls Education, it controls the FUTURE. NEVER LET THEM!

 

Article 6 and 7: Amending the Constitution, and Limitations on the Republic’s power

 

Article. 6. Amendment Process

The HoC, The SoS, Any single State’s Legislature, or the Citizenry may propose Amendments to this Constitution. If passed by a 4/5 majority of ANY ONE of the above, the Amendment MUST then be submitted to ALL other State and Republic legislative houses, and the Citizens at-large, and given an up/down vote as a normal order of business. If PUBLICLY and OPENLY ratified by 4/5 of the States, the CoS, and the Citizenry at-large, it becomes an Amendment. This NEVER applies to Art. 2. Sect 12.; that is an UNALTERABLE.

Article. 7. Section. 1.“The Declaration Limitations on the Republic”

The CoS shall NEVER pass ANY LAW LIMITING or RESTRICTING any of the following, in ANY Way, at ANY Time, or under ANY Condition, except as noted in Art.3. Sec. 4.

  1. The Right of RESIDENTS to KEEP and BEAR ARMS, for ANY reason, primarily, but Never Limited To, protection from tyranny and personal defense. This comes FIRST because Inability to ENFORCE these limits renders them ALL moot.

  2. The Right of Freedom of speech and expression, whether verbal, printed, or otherwise, and it applies most stringently to the most Political, and/or Offensive examples, but remember… Speech is not Action.

  3. The Right to establish, practice, or express ANY religion. However, this does not protect the breaking of RoS laws. Public expression of the values the RoS is founded on DOES NOT conflict with this provision. It is an acknowledgement of FACT.

  4. The Right of Peaceful assembly. Violence has no defense, But when a government turns tyrannical it is the Citizens’ DUTY to confront it. Pick your fights CAREFULLY.

  5. The Right to petition “for redress of grievance” ANY Government, Group, or Resident.

  6. The Right of Residents to consume Anything they wish, with the provision that crimes committed “under the influence” of ANY INTOXICANT carry a MINIMUM DOUBLING of penalty. Voluntary impairment is NEVER a defence, nor is Addiction. You CHOOSE to take it, Addiction is the result of that choice. Lack of choice only applies if Force or Trickery can be Proven at the point of consumption. Freedom of Choice is the basis of Liberty, but Choice is Action, and as stated repeatedly in this document, Action has Consequences.

  7. The regulation of marriage or other civil unions between consenting Residents. This is a PERSONAL and/or RELIGIOUS matter, and NEVER ANY of the RoS’s business.

  8. The Right to buy/sell/exchange ANY VOLUNTARY Personal Services.

  9. The Right of Residents to be SECURE in their Persons And Property from unjust Search or Seizure. NO warrant will EVER be issued without probable cause, supported by Oath or Affidavit, Specifically noting the Place to be searched, and Persons or Things to be seized. Seizure without warrant is Always THEFT! For anyone..

  10. The Right of property owners to control and utilize said property, except as noted in this constitution.

  11. Personal freedom of movement, even in the case of a Capital Crime, or Felony, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, or in cases arising while in Ranger service.

  12. The Right of the accused to a speedy, public trial, by an impartial jury of 12 RANDOM citizens from outside the jurisdiction of the crime; To be informed of the nature and source of the accusation(s); To be confronted with witnesses against them, and have compulsory ability to obtain witnesses for their defense and counsel if they wish.

  13. The application of a Jury trial, where the value in controversy exceeds that of 1 ounce of gold. No defendant, found innocent by a jury, shall EVER be re-tried by ANY Court.

  14. The Right of Residents to Film, Record, or Otherwise demand accountability from ANY government personnel, elected, appointed, or employed, DURING or INVOLVING the PERFORMANCE of their DUTIES. This includes SERVING Rangers.

  15. The Right to freedom from forced self incrimination; BUT that right does not extend to physical evidence such as fingerprints, drug tests, DNA, or similar trace evidence, as these are manifestations of action, not admissions.

IN ADDITION….

  1. Excessive bail/fines can’t be imposed, nor cruel or unusual punishment inflicted, BUT, forcing a wealthy person to pay a proportionately larger bail/fine than a poor one is NOT excessive, and denying prisoners luxuries or making them work for their upkeep is not cruel or unusual. Nor is a swift, clean, execution.

  2. NO ONE will be tried for the same offence twice, nor be deprived of LIFE, LIBERTY, or PROPERTY, Without DUE PROCESS OF LAW under ANY circumstances.

  3. The RoS may never create, nor Allow to be created, ANY FORM of Central Bank. It’s a slow death to economic freedom Never to be tolerated under ANY Circumstances!

  4. Providing or Regulating Health care is NEVER the government’s job, as it will allow FAR TOO MUCH CONTROL over Residents choice to ever be limited once begun.

  5. The RoS may NEVER enact ANY form of wage/price controls, or minimum wage. As shown by history, this is destructive to the economy, and no real benefit to anyone.

  6. The RoS may NEVER subsidize or penalize ANY business, or entrepreneur, through excessive taxation or regulation. Promoting or limiting business is the function of the Free Market.

  7. No form of “Social Engineering” should EVER be tolerated, as it gives the bureaucrats FAR TOO MUCH power over Residents and MUST be STRICTLY FORBIDDEN.

  8. The enumeration of certain restrictions never denies or disparages others, unless noted here, nor does it give the Government, at ANY level, ANY mandate to expand or restrict RIGHTS from the listed base. RIGHTS DO NOT COME FROM GOVERNMENTS!

  9. The powers not delegated to the RoC or the states by the Constitution, or prohibited by it, are reserved Primarily to the Individual, then the local communities, and then the States. The RoS has NO POWER beyond what is listed here.

  10. There’s NO Right to FREEDOM FROM OFFENCE, or to a FREE RIDE from society. Residents are expected to, as far as possible, pull their own weight. Assistance for those who can’t is the duty of Residents, and Local Charities, NEVER a Government matter!

  11. There are NO COLLECTIVE RIGHTS! Rights are ALWAYS Individual!

The States, or Communities, may create legislation in areas the RoS declines to, but such laws should be cautiously considered. This document is designed to allow the Maximum Freedom to Residents. This is the primary goal of the Republic. Nullification may overturn ANY legislation counter to that aim when challenged by a sufficient percentage of the population, but the challenge must come from Within the jurisdiction, not from without.

Article. 7. Section. 2. The Origin of “RIGHTS.”

RIGHTS” are bestowed upon us by God, or if you prefer, The Universe, at Birth. No Agency of Man has authority to take them except for the Direct and Immediate protection of others. That’s the reason for Art. 7. Sec. 1. However, your “Rights” END where the next person’s nose begins. In Extreme cases, conviction of violent crimes may require loss of Your Rights for the protection of others. Maintaining this balance is the primary Job of Government, not the creation of something they have no power to make.

This Constitution, in its ENTIRETY, RoS Law, and Treaties made under its authority, shall be, IN THAT ORDER, the Law of the Land. All courts everywhere are bound to these rules.

 

Articals 8 and 9: the Duties of a Citizen, and Media

 

Article. 8.The Duties of a Citizen.

Every Citizen has the following responsibilities to the Republic and their fellow man. Failure to uphold these duties May, in EXTREME cases, be grounds for revocation of Franchise.

Because I have the Right:

  1. to worship, or not, as I choose…I must honor the right of others to do the same.

  2. to honest government… I will seek out honest representatives. If none can be found, I will accept the responsibility to stand for that office myself.

  3. of freedomofspeech…I must defend others’ speech, even if I strongly disagree with it.

  4. of libertyI must have the courage to defend others’ security, lives, and property.

  5. to equal justiceI must stand for those whom I believe to be unjustly accused.

  6. to the truth… I will not bear false witness nor stand by as others do so.

  7. to keep the fruits of my labor… I must feed, protect and shelter my family, and do my part, OR MORE, for the less fortunate, the parent-less, the old, and the infirm.

  8. to knowledge… I will be accountable for myself and my children’s education.

  9. to choose… I am accountable to maintain a basic level of morality in my own life.

Article. 9. Media.

Due to the Massive influence of a UNIFIED media, No Resident is EVER allowed to OWN or INFLUENCE more than 1 outlet. This includes, but is not limited to, TV, radio, newspapers, book publishing, magazines, movies, etc. Only 1 of ANY of these may ever be controlled by a single Resident or group. Furthermore, any media outlet or reporter claiming to broadcast or distribute News MUST make public their political leaning(s). EVERYONE has a bias; therefore, no outlet can be UNBIASED. Such misdirection made propaganda practical in a modern setting. The Republic UTTERLY REJECTS the idea of an unbiased news outlet. So ADMIT your point of view and MOVE ON. The media is considered the 4th branch of government for a reason; its duty is to keep the others honest. It can’t do that if it becomes united and throws its monolithic support behind any single point of view. In addition, No level of government may EVER create, support, or limit ANY media, or Art, except to directly broadcast their unedited proceedings.